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Government type: constitutional republic
Location: Central South America, northeast of Argentina.
Area: land: 397,300 sq km
Climate: subtropical to temperate; substantial rainfall in the eastern portions, becoming semiarid in the far west.
Terrain: grassy plains and wooded hills east of Rio Paraguay; Gran Chaco region west of Rio Paraguay mostly low, marshy plain near the river, and dry forest and thorny scrub elsewhere.
Population: 6,669,086 (July 2007 est.)
Ethnic groups: mestizo (mixed Spanish and Amerindian) 95%, other 5%
Religions: Roman Catholic 90%, Mennonite and other Protestant 10%
Languages: Spanish (official), Guarani (official)