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Government type: democratic constitutional republic
Location: Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Nicaragua and bordering the Gulf of Fonseca (North Pacific Ocean), between El Salvador and Nicaragua.
Area: 111,890 sq km
Climate: subtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains.
Terrain: mostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains.
Population: 7,483,763 (July 2007 est.)
Ethnic groups: mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%
Religions: Roman Catholic 97%, Protestant 3%
Languages: Spanish, Amerindian dialects