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Capital: Madrid
Government type: parliamentary monarchy
Location: Southwestern Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay, Mediterranean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean, and Pyrenees Mountains, southwest of France.
Area: land: 499,542 sq km
Climate: temperate; clear, hot summers in interior, more moderate and cloudy along coast; cloudy, cold winters in interior, partly cloudy and cool along coast.
Terrain: large, flat to dissected plateau surrounded by rugged hills; Pyrenees in north.
Population: 40,448,191 (July 2007 est.)
Ethnic groups: composite of Mediterranean and Nordic
Religions: Roman Catholic 94%, other 6% Roman
Languages: Castilian Spanish (official) 74%, Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2%, are official regionally.