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Government type: republic
Location: Southern South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Argentina and Peru.
Area: land: 748,800 sq km
Climate: temperate; desert in north; Mediterranean in central region; cool and damp in south.
Terrain: low coastal mountains; fertile central valley; rugged Andes in east.
Population: 16,284,741 (July 2007 est.)
Ethnic groups: white and white-Amerindian 95%, Amerindian 3%, other 2%
Religions: Roman Catholic 89%, Protestant 11%, Jewish 0.1%
Languages: Spanish, native Mapuche.