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Capital: Buenos Aires
Government type: republic
Location: Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Chile and Uruguay.
Area: land: 2,736,690 sq km
Climate: mostly temperate; arid in southeast; sub Antarctic in southwest.
Terrain: rich plains of the Pampas in northern half, flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia in south, rugged Andes along western border.
Population: 40,301,927 (July 2007 est.)
Ethnic groups: white (mostly Spanish and Italian) 97%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry), Amerindian, or other non-white groups 3%
Religions: nominally Roman Catholic 92% (less than 20% practicing), Protestant 2%, Jewish 2%, other 4%.
Languages: Spanish (official), native languages such as Quechua, Wichi, Toba, Guaraní, Mapuche, English, Italian, German, French, Welsh.